Περιφερειακή Ενότητα Δράμας

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Palaeolithic age

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The first people, who appear in the Prefecture of Drama in the Middle Palaeolithic Age (approximately 50,000 years ago), were nomadic hunters.
These people lived in caves and in rock covered shelters, which were a kind of natural openings between calcareous rocks. In these caves, people were protected from dangerous environmental circumstances and developed their daily activities, as well.
People of the Palaeolithic Age, lived under difficult circumstances – because of the cold climate and the steppe vegetation. They hunted wild animals, such as bison, wild bulls, deer, roe deer, goats and mammoth. However, they were in danger, because of some wild animals, such as bears and etc. Apart from hunting, they also continued to collect wild fruit and plants, which they occasionally found on their daily food expeditions. Their tools were made of stone, either natural shingle from rivers in suitable shapes or shaped by flint and quartz scrapers, knives, axes, tips for arrows and spears - all of which, reveal the advanced hunting methods.
This period of human activity, has not been fully explored and systematically researched yet, in the Prefecture of Drama. Only a few sites have been found, such as Arkoudorema that is located in the Municipality of Paranesti and in Volakas basin – giving to us little information about the habits and the life style of those first people (50,000-10,000 years). The only excavation which conducted for this period, was done in the cave Aggitis River’s Springs (known as the Cave of Maara) - where in its entrance - was found a layer from the Middle Palaeolithic Age.
From 10,000 BC to 7,000 BC, people in this area, continued to live nomadically in caves or in a semi-permanent state, as hunters and collectors.