Περιφερειακή Ενότητα Δράμας

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Architecture

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In Drama's surrounding countryside and particularly, on the mountainous and semi-mountainous parts of  04   the prefecture, one can find remarkable traditional villages with historical, cultural and 05     architectural interest. They were formed and evolved through the centuries, as centres of agriculture, livestock production and trade transaction. Adapted to the local climate conditions, the morphology of the terrain, the available construction materials, the life style of the dwellers and their occupations, they produced a variety of traditional architectural types, examples of which can be found in Pagoneri, Lefkogia, Perithori, Nevrokopi, Granitis, Kali Vrysi, Kallithea, Kokkinogia, Prosotsani, Nikiforos, Ypsili Rachi, Tichos, Kapnofyto, Tholos, Prasinada, Krini and Sterna.  The farmhouse and the tobacco house, help us to understand the old communities, get to know the daily habits of the people, who lived in the countryside and to estimate their skills and their way of building.  Ancillary agriculture buildings around the farmhouse include the stables, the stores, the laundry and the bakery.  All the ancillary buildings were located inside the courtyard of the house and were surrounded by high walls. Only the necessary items of furniture were to be found inside the houses. They were very simple and mainly made by the  48  dwellers themselves. The furniture included built-in wooden wardrobes («mesandres»), wooden shelves for holding cooking and storage vessels, a chest known as «sentouki», a low table for eating, known as «sofras» and covered sofas, with multicoloured woven «kilim».  Apart from the farmhouses, there are also mansions  26  from the last century, homes of wealthy families - «Beydes» - (local officials in the Ottoman Empire), tobacco merchants and wealthy farmers. These mansions are larger than the usual farmhouses, a better building structure, supplied by careful details and valuable morphological elements. In general, the area under the roofed veranda – known as «chagiati» - was opened, united with the courtyard, while «chagiati» covered the whole southern side, with a number of successive windows.
The first floor usually had one or two rooms («mousafir-odades») for the visitors, which were used as reception rooms or as places to relax. They were built of light brickwork («tsatma»), above a stone base and had quite a few windows in all walls, providing interesting views. The ceilings were richly decorated, as well as the walls, the door and window frames.

Construction

 

In the traditional architecture of the prefecture, apart from geographical, social, economic and political conditions, a significant role was played by the master craftsmen and the unknown artisans, who were  - . 19working in teams with determination and cooperation. They also built homes, to the needs of the daily life in the area. The building materials they used were stone and wood - which were abundant in the area. They made homes, designed to last, homes with both aesthetic and practical value. The doorframes, floors, ceilings, balconies and roof, were all made of  27  wood. The roof of the house with four gentle slopes was covered with Byzantine terracotta roof tiles. There is no great variety in the style of windows. However, in a few mansions there are interesting wooden carved gables on the houses. Doors were simple with no special features. Above the main entrance, in the middle of the wall - on the main front - of the building, it is quite common to find a plaque embedded with the year of construction, carved into it.
Finally, it should be pointed out that nearly all of the houses that retain all their architectural undisturbed features are abandoned. It is uncommon to find houses that have survived over the years - completely untouched. Most, have had their initial form changed by the interventions of following generations.